Ocd research paper

The influence of family members on the maintenance of OCD symptoms also remains largely unexplored.Less common are ordering rituals, which involve arranging objects to produce symmetry or balance, and hoarding, the acquisition of and failure to discard seemingly useless objects like old magazines and receipts or empty containers.According to behavioral theory, exposure should reduce anxiety associated with obsessions, while response prevention should influence rituals more than obsessions.

When delivered independently, exposure reduces subjective anxiety more than rituals, although both decline.Later age of onset was associated with better response to SRIs.Do you need a simple but an effective plan for writing OCD research papers.Exposure and response prevention (ERP), the standard and most effective of the behavioral techniques, is derived from the two-stage theory of fear and avoidance.Antisocial personality disorder often has the smallest overlap with OCD, which may reflect the importance of beliefs about excessive responsibility in patients with OCD.

Dosage ranges have been partly tested for fluoxetine, with higher doses (up to 60 mg) producing better results, but additional research is needed to identify optimal dosage ranges for the SRIs.In normal cognitive processing, irrelevant and intrusive thoughts are simply ignored, whereas in cognitive processing by people with OCD these thoughts are attended to, believed important, and attempts to suppress them are undertaken.

APA Style Research Paper on OCD Essay Topics

The way the neurotransmitter works is that it is released by a nerve ending, known as a synapse, it then crosses a gap and is then picked up by another nerve ending.

Additionally, several studies have found that self-controlled treatment is as effective as therapist directed, and may produce more durable gains.

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This suggests that the mental activity associated with obsessional thinking can be localized in the frontal lobe.Theorists also suggest that neutralization may develop only when other thought control efforts fail.OCD patients have patterns of brain activity that differ from those of.This section reviews the three major theoretical models for the development and maintenance of OCD and the treatment methods derived from these models, and summarizes evidence for the effectiveness of these treatments.The purpose of this part of treatment is to help decrease compulsive behavior.

The development of sophisticated instrumentation, more precise lesion placement, and the increasing safety record make psychosurgery a viable treatment option for patients who have failed to respond to multiple medication trials and behavior therapy.In addition, the families of OCD patients show higher levels of expressed emotion (criticism and overinvolvement) than families of controls.

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Thus, the core assumption of this model is that OCD symptoms are efforts to neutralize or ameliorate the appraisal of responsibility for harm.These fixed-action patterns are innate species-specific responses that are motor programs for action and take the form of grooming and safety rituals.The frontal lobe is involved with organizing behaviors and in planning.

Thoughtful progression from conceptual models to treatment strategies is needed to ensure that newly developed treatments will be effective.

Sex, age of onset, symptom severity, and duration have generally not been found to predict success in ERP.When efforts to suppress these thoughts fail, sensitization and vigilance to similar thoughts occurs, and this process escalates into an obsessional pattern.The research on memory and OCD provides some confirmation of deficits in memory for actions, general memory, decreased confidence in memory functioning, problems with overspecification in categorization, and problems in inhibiting attention to irrelevant information and in attending to relevant information.Fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, and sertraline are different from clomipramine because they primarily affect only serotonin, so they are called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

Studies of comorbidity of OCD with Axis II disorders reveal that over one half of patients with OCD have at least one diagnosable personality disorder (PD).

What is a good thesis statement for the topic of OCD

Thesis: Bonding does not refer to mutual affection between a baby and an adult.